Drug Addiction, also known as substance use disorder is a chronic disease that affects a person's behaviour and makes the person unable to control the urge of drug consumption. The initial decision of taking drugs can be voluntary but repeated use takes a toll on the brain and interferes with the ability of the brain to resist. Society often questions the moral principles and ethics of people addicted to drugs. But the truth is, drug addiction is a complex disorder which needs a strong will power on top of medications and other help.
Drug addiction is a relapsing disease. This means that the person recovering from drug addiction has a high chance of returning to consuming drugs. This can occur even years after leaving this bad practice. This is why it is advised to get a drug detox under expert medical supervision or else one might get back to taking drugs.
Brain on Drugs
Drugs often stimulate the nervous system and lead the brain to a rewarding pathway. Drugs flood dopamine into the reward circuit causing a sense of pleasure. They try to experience the same thing again and again and finally get addicted. After getting addicted, they start consuming these deadly drugs regularly.
This adapts the brain cells and the reward circuit's response to it. The brain becomes habitual to the drug and this reduces the level of high the person use to feel during the initial stages. To be on the same level, the person increases the dosage of drugs to achieve the same high. This cycle continues till the level of dosage becomes extremely harmful and disrupts the normal functioning of the body.
Today more than 7 million people suffer from different drug disorders. One in four deaths results from drug use. People who are addicted to drugs have a higher risk of getting involved in accidents, domestic violence cases, and other injuries.
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